What is Spotting? And what are the causes of it?

Every grown-up woman once in a month experiences the natural process of periods. But have you ever noticed the unexpected appearance of the period right in the middle, before, or after your menstrual cycle? With one drop here and the second drop there, spotting before, after, and in between periods can take you by serious surprise. So, let’s find out what spot actually is and a reasons for spotting.

Before moving on to our main topic, there are a few things that you may need to know about spotting.

  • Firstly, there are three types of spotting: light, medium, and heavy. If there is light bleeding at the beginning of your period, then it would not be considered as spotting.
  • Secondly, if you suspect unexplained spotting, then the better option is to consult with your doctor.
  • Thirdly, spotting can be taken as the side effect of your hormonal contraceptive.

What is Spotting?

If there is an unexpected bleeding when not on period or before period, then it is considered as spotting. Or we can say, a small amount of blood that you can notice outside of your menstrual period cycle, that remains for one or two days at the start or end of periods is known as spotting. It is actually vaginal bleeding not period, so there might be many reasons for it.

girl in wuka period pants - spotting
girl wearing wuka period pants from the front - spotting

Reasons for Spotting

Spotting after the period or before period usually comes from the upper and lower reproductive tract (uterus, cervix). It is totally different from the menstrual periodic cycle.

    Hormonal Contraception

    The most common reason for spotting is the side effect of hormonal contraception. Yes, if you have recently started a new birth control method, you can face spotting but there is nothing worried about it as it will go away after a few months. However, if there is unscheduled  light bleeding between periods, then might be you need to change your pills. If there is continued spotting, then it is most common with the Hormonal IUD and Mini-Pill. More

      You are about to become pregnant

      Many times in your married life, throughout pregnancy you may notice spotting, and if this is for the first time, then it is harmless and can even happen before you know that you are going to be a mother.

      However, about a week after ovulation, when the egg is fertilized, it then implants into the uterus. The overall process can cause a little bleeding, or we can say a little spotting.

      You have an STI

      If both chlamydia and gonorrhea left untreated, then the infection can easily move up to the reproductive organs and can be the reason for the vaginal bleeding. Due to this, you can also become a victim of PID, an inflammatory disease, which can do damage to the fallopian tube and disturb the fertility process.

        Growths on your ovaries, cervix or uterus

        There are different types of non-cancerous growths which include, ovarian cysts, cervical polyps, uterine fibroids, and uterine polyps that some women can easily develop. However, heavy bleeding is not so common with ovarian cysts, but again many women may spot it. Similarly, cervical polyps are the most common in the women that are over 20 or who have had kids. If there is bleeding from any of these growths, then it is common but the best is to visit your doctor and so that he can do some tests.

            Ovulation Issues

            Spotting can also be occurred due to the ovulation issues for a few people. The reason that contributes to it is the rapid drop in estrogen level after ovulation. However, it is still confusing why some women victim to this ovulation experience while some not. So, the answer is; many women have higher levels of hormones overall than others, so it’s natural.

            While on other hands, if spotting starts before the periods, in the late luteal phase, might be your progesterone level is low.